No website on the internet is completely invulnerable to cyber-attacks. Even the biggest names have an open window somewhere in their systems. This can be due to unnoticed errors or a planned security breach by cybercriminals.
Mostly, attacks like these are carried out for financial reasons, as researched by Verizon. This has got people questioning how they can improve their domain security. Well, the best way is to know what you are up against. For that purpose, we have gathered the biggest website security threats and how you can steer clear of them.
1. Injection Attacks
Although some other threats are more common, inject attacks are the highest in terms of risk factors. According to research by OWASP (Open Web Application Security Project), these flaws pose the biggest threat to your website.
Most commonly, cybercriminals use the SQL injection method for breaching a website. They directly target the web server as it contains the database. Usually, attackers do this with some coding that highlights all the hidden data of the website.
It allows them to modify the data at their will. Injection attacks occur due to a lack of security in the codebase. Hence, you will need secure coding and a safe domain to tackle injection attacks.
2. Cross-Site Scripting
Also known as XSS, it poses the most common threat to a website. According to a study by Precise Security, Cross-site scripting attacks make up about 40% of all cyber-attacks. The reason why they occur so commonly is that they are not sophisticated. They do not require any pre-planning or coordination.
Usually, XSS attacks are executed by new cybercriminals using already-made scripts. They target the users of a website by inserting a malicious piece of code. The worst part is that this code is executed by none other than website visitors themselves.
It affects the login and account information of a user by modifying the website content. Criminals also activate Trojan horses that heavily impact the overall website. In short, it can completely destroy domain security.
The most effective way to protect your website against XSS attacks is by using a Web Application Firewall (WAF).
3. Distributed Denial-of-Service
Most commonly referred to as DDoS, this is also a very common DNS attack. But, that does not mean it is any less impactful. A recent study shows that a DDoS attack can cause small businesses a loss of $123K. On the other hand, it can cause an enterprise up to $2.3M in losses.
A Distributed Denial-of-Service cannot not only temporarily, but also permanently take down a website. This attack aims at the web server by sending it tons of simultaneous requests. It causes the website to restrict other visitors causing even the admins to be blocked out.
DDoS attacks are used with other domain security threats as it keeps the system busy, while other cyber-attacks can affect the website.
4. Fuzz Testing
Generally, Fuzz Testing or Fuzzing is a method to detect coding and security errors on a website or operating system. But this can work against you as well, as cybercriminals use this same method to discover weak points on your website.
The fuzz refers to random data which is input into your website by attackers. This crashes the application or site and highlights the security loopholes.
Both attacks and fuzz testers use the same tool, Fuzzer software. When people update their websites, they usually leave some weak spots unnoticed.
Increasing domain privacy by regular testing is the right way to prevent these attacks.
5. Zero-Day Attack
The Fuzzing attacks do not just end there. A zero-day threat is also linked and is often considered the extension of the former. However, it does not have a ‘weak spots’ prerequisite.
There are two ways a zero-day attack can be executed. Either the criminals steal your website’s security information, or they attack users who have not updated their systems. Both scenarios pose a large threat to your website’s security.
And, if it does get affected, the damage can be much more significant than just a breached protection system. That is why it is recommended to use updated versions of applications if they are published.
6. Man-In-The-Middle Attack
This attack is effective for websites that have not encrypted their data. It travels instantly from a user to the web server. If the data is not encrypted, attackers can get all the information from the website.
It is a more planned threat than many others. That is because criminals gather essential data transferred between two parties. These attacks are directly linked with the website URL. Therefore, you should pay more attention to your domain protection.
The easiest way of preventing these attacks is by using a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Although it does provide a defensive shield for your site, cybercriminals can still breach it.
7. By Brute Force
As the name suggests, a brute force attack is executed directly. It steals the login information of a website. However, it is not that easy to execute, unless your password is veryobvious, such as 12345678.
Attackers simply try to input different password and username combinations. As mentioned earlier, it is only effective when the password is very simple.
Hackers use this technique for breaching someone’s social media account. The worst part is that it still works for many attackers. That is mainly due to two reasons: either people have the most obvious, easy-to-guess passwords, or they are not using two-factor authentication (2FA).
There are no reasons as to why you should not use 2FA. It makes your website much safer and prevents harmful brute force attacks that can steal all your information.
How Can You Prevent Website Security Threats?
Now, the real question is how to keep your domain protected against cyber threats. The solutions given to the threats mentioned above are only helpful up to a certain extent, as they might prevent some security breaches, but your website cannot rely on them for full protection.
If you really want to keep your website safe and sleep soundly at night, then a third-party tool like the ones available at Openprovider is the way to go!
Openprovider offers premium domain security products, such as SSL certificates, Premium DNS, SpamExperts, etc. that will keep your website and your customers safe from malicious attacks.
Not sure how to get started or what specific tool you should purchase to keep your website security airtight? Get in touch and we’ll advise you on the most efficient solution for your domain portfolio!
Knowing the threat is the first step to defeating it. In this article, we have answered several questions, such as how to have a safe domain, how to protect your website from cyber-attacks, and what the biggest threats are.
By going through all of them, you can make your online presence much more secure. Plus, the tools mentioned above will help you secure a domain name, increase domain privacy, and gain maximum website security.